Sociology covers crime and law, poverty and wealth, prejudice and discrimination, schools and education, business firms, urban community, and social movements.

A Sociology student will study subjects like family interaction, religious traditions and organised crime and gain a better understanding of race, gender, and social class issues.

A degree in Sociology opens up various career opportunities in the fields such as police and probation services, local and central government, social and market research, Charitable, counselling and voluntary organisations, media and marketing, Public relations, Journalism and communications, etc. 

Table of Contents:

  • Subjects similar to Sociology
  • Entrance exams for Sociology:
    • IPU CET
    • PUCET
    • JNUEE
  • Eligibility criteria for UG Sociology Course
  • Eligibility criteria for PG Sociology course
  • Sociology Admission Process
  • Sociology Course fees
  • Sociology Course subjects
  • Career and specialised fields in Sociology
  • Skills required for Sociology
  • Sociology Courses, Duration, and Eligibility
  • BA in sociology highlights
  • Semester-wise Syllabus for BA Sociology
  • Popular Sociology Colleges in India with fee structure
  • Upcoming trends
  • Top Sociology Recruiters
  • Job Prospects, Descriptions, and Salaries offered
  • Job Opportunities after Sociology
  • Employment areas for Sociology candidates
  • Scope of Sociology
  • FAQs 
Subjects Similar to Sociology:

 Candidates can also find interest in Subjects which are similar to Sociology. These Subjects include: 

  • Anthropology 
  • Economics
  • History
  • Philosophy 
  • Psychology 
  • Communication Studies
  • Geography
  • Languages
  • Political Science
  • Religious Studies

Entrance exams for Sociology:


CONDUCTED BY: Tata Institute of Social Sciences.

LOCATION: Mumbai, Tuljapur, Guwahati, Hyderabad, etc.


  • IPU CET:



  • PUCET:

CONDUCTED BY: Punjab University 



CONDUCTED BY: National Testing Agency (NTA)


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Eligibility Criteria for UG Sociology Course:
  • Candidates must pass class 12th from a recognised board with an aggregate of 40% to 50%.
  • Arts or humanities streams are preferred. 
  • They must score higher than the passed Cutoffs.
Eligibility Criteria for PG Sociology Course:
  • Candidates must have completed their bachelor’s from a related field and scored at least 50% marks.
  • They must clear the entrance exams set up by the respective universities. 
Sociology Admission Process:
  • Search your desired College or University offering a Sociology Course. Check the fees, seats offered, and eligibility criteria for the course.
  • Check and fill in all the required details in the application form.
  • Admission in some universities is based on entrance exams, whereas other universities offer merit-based entrance. 
  • Please wait for the final merit list and appear for the university’s counselling session to book their seats, submit their documents, and pay the fees to complete the admission process.
Sociology Course Fees:
Minimum Fees  
 Private CollegesGovernment Colleges


Maximum Fees  
 Private CollegesGovernment Colleges
UG25 lakh1.38 lakh
PG4 lakh1.4 lakh
DOCTORAL18 lakh2.22 lakh
Sociology Course Subjects:

Every Sociology students need to study the following core subjects throughout the course:

  • Social Anthropology 
  • Sociology of Education 
  • Sociology Development 
  • Social Institutions 
  • Economic Sociology 
  • Life Skill Education and Women’s Studies 
  • Sociology of mass and Mass Communication 
  • Political Sociology 
  • Social stratification 
  • Social challenges and Movements 
  • Change Development and Globalisation 
  • Methods of Sociological Research 
Career and Specialised Fields in Sociology:

Sociology graduates are required by the departments of all organisations, whether government or private. 

Sociologists are also capable of working in educational lines as teachers and lecturers.

Postgraduate students are also given campus placement opportunities as they can broaden their career options. 

Community research and family counselling are other departments where sociologists can find a placement with lucrative salary options.

Some other specialisation fields suitable for Sociology candidates are:

  • Applied Sociology 
  • Community 
  • Crime and Delinquency 
  • Demography 
  • Collective Behaviour 
  • Comparative Sociology 
  • Cultural Sociology
Skills required for Sociology: 

Apart from academic skills, the following soft skills are required by every Sociology candidate:

  • Knowledge Of the topic
  • Enthusiasm 
  • Avid reader
  • Dedicated
  • Well organised 
  • Investigative
  • Methodical approach to the topics
  • Diligence
  • Curiosity 
  • Passion
  • Analytical skills
  • Fact-finding
  • Logical Thinking skills 
  • Systematic approach
  • Meticulous 
  • Hard-working 

Sociology Courses, Duration, and Eligibility:

  • Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Sociology:


ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Candidate must have passed class 12th with a minimum aggregate of 45% marks.

  • Master of Arts (MA) in Sociology:


ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: The candidate must have completed a bachelor’s in Sociology and acquired 50% marks.

  • MPhil in Sociology: 


ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: The candidate must have completed their MA in Sociology and scored at least 50% marks.

  • PhD in Sociology:


ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: The candidate must have completed their MA or MPhil from a recognised University and have scored at least 60% marks. 

BA in Sociology Highlights: 

Course NameBachelor of Arts in Sociology 
Course Duration3 Years
Exam type Semester type 
Eligibility Criteria Class 12th passed with English as a core subject
Selection processMerit-based or EntranceExam
Average Course FeesINR 4000 to INR 2 lakh 
Job Position Journalist, school teacher, customer care executive, executive assistant, research assistant
Employees areas Publication houses, labour unions, newspapers, human services, Government organizations,  private organizations
Average Annual salaryINR 3.4 lakh to INR 6.2 lakh

Semester-wise Syllabus for BA Sociology:

Semester 1Semester 2
Social interaction and everyday lifeIntroduction to Sociology 1
Social stratificationIntroduction to Sociology 2
Crime, deviance, and social controlBasic concepts of Sociology 
Gender and sexualityCulture, society, and the individual
Semester 3Semester 4
Social change, movement, and Mass mediaFamily, marriage, and kinship
Work and Economic lifeResearch proposal 
Semester 5Semester 6
Religion and ethnicityAuguste Comte
Modern organisationKarl Max
UrbanisationHerbert Spencer
Emergence of SociologyEmile Durkheim
 Research Project 

Are you still confused about your career in sociology? Take a career test by Brainwonders and  find your right career path.

Popular Sociology Colleges in India with fee structure: 
  • Indira Gandhi National Open University – INR 12000
  • Jamia Millia Islamia – INR 21000
  • MSU Baroda – INR 8000
  • Christ University – INR 35000
  • Jadavpur University – INR 2 lakh
  • Lovely Professional University – INR 3.24 lakh
  • Banaras Hindu University – INR 5000
Upcoming Trends:

Every field gets revolutionised after some time, and so is Sociology. Various artificial intelligence methods are integrated into Sociology, making the work of a sociologist easy. 

Some of these following revolutionised trends include: 

  • Data Science 
  • The Study of fads
  • Patterns of developing countries 
  • Suburbanisation and over-urbanisation 
  • Urban ecology
  • Mass Hysteria 
Top Sociology Recruiters:

Various sectors in both private organisations and governmental organisations are inclined towards recruiting Sociology graduates. 

Even the hospitality department demands sociologists because of their skill sets. 

The following companies are recruiting Sociology graduates:

  • WHO
  • Deloitte
  • The Ministry of Statistics
  • Excelsoft
  • Educomp Solutions
  • Government Agencies
  • Indian Defence Services
  • Infosys

Job Prospects, Descriptions, and Salaries Offered:

  • Sociologist:

A sociologist studies behaviour within communities researches diverse social norms, studies complex structures, and reaches the roots of various social changes.

Salary of sociologist: INR 6.5 lakh

  • Policy Analyst:

Policy Analysts make various policies in information with the government after conducting proper research on social issues like health and safety.

Salary of a Policy Analyst: INR 5.5 lakh 

  • Researcher

A researcher collects, organises, studies, and analyses data according to upcoming trends and solves social problems.

Salary of a researcher: INR 10 lakh 

  • Public Relations Specialist:

A public relation specialist is responsible for creating an image of the company in the public’s mind to maintain smooth communication between employees and clients.

Salary of a public relation specialist: INR 6.5 lakh

  • Administrator:

An administrator manages inquiries, visits, maintains files and documents, keeps records that add to the smooth functioning of a business, etc. 

Salary of an administrator: INR 5 lakh

  • Counsellor

The primary work of a counsellor is to promote mental health and provide support and rehabilitation services to people individually. 

Salary of a counsellor: INR 4 lakh 

  • Census worker:

A census worker is responsible for working closely with people and conducting research by studying the demographics and collecting the data. 

Salary of a census worker: INR 3.5 lakh 

Job Opportunities after Sociology: 

There are various job profiles for Sociology candidates. Some of these includes: 

  • Family counsellor
  • Social worker 
  • Market survey researcher
  • Social Critic
  • Sociologist
  • Researcher
  • Teacher 
  • Professor 
  • Market Research Analyst 
  • Human Services Assistant 
  • Labour leader
  • Marriage counsellor 
  • Rehabilitation counsellor
  • Training advisor 
  • Urban planner
  • Lecturer
  • Psychologist 
  • Writer 
Employment areas for Sociology candidates:

Sociology offers abundant employment opportunities to candidates with lucrative salary offers. These employment areas include: 

  • Rural and child welfare 
  • Advertising agencies
  • Management consultancy
  • Schools/Colleges/Universities 
  • Media Research 
  • Education
  • Court 
  • Journalism and Media 
  • Hospitals 
  • Political Campaigns 
  • NGO
  • Child Welfare
Scope of Sociology: 

There is a demand for Sociology candidates all over the globe because sociologists are well-versed in data research and analysis, especially in domains like public relations, Market research, insurance, etc. 

Sociology is an interdisciplinary subject, and its scope has been escalating over the years. 

Sociology is a generalising study area as it includes all human beings, not individuals. 

There are various opportunities available in private as well as interdisciplinary courses.

The primary subject units under the scope of Sociology are as follows: 

  • Sociology Analysis
  • Study of primary divisions of social life
  • Structural and functional nature of social units
  • Fundamental social Process
  • Research methods


1. Differentiate between sociology and social work.

Ans: The only difference between sociology and social work is that Social Work deals with the practical application of data, whereas sociology deals with theoretical applications.

2. What are the job options after BA in Sociology?

Ans: Candidates can work as rehabilitation counsellors, training advisors, community service workers, etc., after completing their BA in Sociology.

3. Is sociology a good degree in India?

Ans: Sociology is a good degree for candidates in India due to its job prospects.

4. Are there other types of sociology?

Ans: Yes, there are Four types of sociology, which includes:

  • Structural and functional
  • Social conflict
  • Feminism
  • Symbolic interactionism.

5. What is the cost of a master’s degree in Sociology?

Ans: The cost of a typical master’s degree in sociology ranges somewhere between 10000 INR to 1 lakh INR.

We hope that this article has helped you to knoe about sociology course.

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