MBBS or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is one of the topmost degrees in the world. Therefore after completing it, the graduates are directly placed in health firms and hospitals as medical professionals, or they further pursue specialisation and become a surgeon in their respective fields of interest. 

This long journey depends on theoretical knowledge and the practical applications of everything the students study. The students are taught about various diseases, their causative agents, and the medicines that can cure them. 

The admissions to MBBS colleges in India are based on the NEET exam. And to be eligible for NEET Exam, the candidates must have at least 50% marks from PCB stream.

Table of Contents:

  • MBBS Highlights
  • What is the full form of MBBS? 
  • Advantage of MBBS
  • Why MBBS?
  • MBBS Eligibility Criteria
  • MBBS Admission Process
  • Why are Government Medical Colleges Better?
  • Types of MBBS 
    • Preclinical phase of MBBS 
    • Para-clinical phase of MBBS 
    • Clinical phase of MBBS 
  • NEET Exam Details 
  • Top MBBS Cutoffs in India
  • MBBS Semester-wise Syllabus
  • Medical Colleges in India with fee structure
  • Best Private Medical Colleges in India with fee structure
  • Medical colleges by states:
    • MBBS Colleges in Uttar Pradesh 
    • MBBS Colleges in New Delhi 
    • MBBS Colleges in Mumbai 
    • MBBS Colleges in Bangalore 
    • MBBS Colleges in Kerala 
    • MBBS Colleges in Rajasthan 
    • MBBS Colleges in Patna 
    • MBBS Colleges in Gujarat 
    • MBBS Colleges in Andhra Pradesh
  • Academic requirements for Overseas MBBS studies
  • Medical Colleges Overseas with fee structure
  • Career opportunities after MBBS
  • Difference between MBBS and MD
  • MBBS Specialisations
  • MBBS Job Prospects and Salaries offered
  • MBBS government Jobs
MBBS Highlights:
Course NameBachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Abbreviation MBBS
Level Undergraduate 
Field Healthcare 
Eligibility12th with physics, chemistry, and biology as Subjects
Duration 5.5 years 
Average fee INR 71k to INR 30 lakh
Average SalaryINR 3.6 lakh to INR 10 lakh 
Career OpportunitiesPhysician, Doctor, Endocrinologist, Pathologist, Neurologist, Cardiologist, Gynaecologist

What is the full form of MBBS?

MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is derived from the Latin word Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chiriurigae. MBBS is a 5.5-year course in medicine which is chosen by candidates who are aspiring to become doctors in future.

  • MBBS offers job security with financial stability.
  • It helps the candidates to earn respect and serve better in society. 
  • Immense Options to choose from after MBBS for specialization.

Advantages of MBBS:

  • You can study the human body both internal and external structures.
  • Perfect job security even after the pandemic passes. 
  • Abundant job opportunities are present in the medicine field all over the globe.
  • You can also become a scientist and Research about deadly diseases and find out their cures.
  • MBBS offers various specialisation fields from which students can choose from. 
  • It gives an opportunity to technical nerds to have the latest technology at their fingertips with a biological touch on them. 
  • Abundant learning opportunities in the medicine field. 
MBBS Eligibility Criteria:
  • Minimum age requirement: 17 Years
  • The candidate must be in class 12th passed with physics, chemistry, and biology as Subjects.
  • General applicants should score at least 50% marks, though the minimum criteria may differ
  • Candidates must crack the medical exam, i.e. NEET conducted nationally, to have admission to a medical college.
  • The minimum aggregate for students from the reserved category is 40%
  • The maximum age limit is 25 years. 
MBBS Admission Process: 
  • Complete Class 12th with physics, chemistry, and biology as core subjects.
  • Please apply for the Neet exam and qualify for it.
  • Appear for the counselling session of the Neet exam and wait for the cutoffs.
  • If you are on the list of selected candidates, confirm your allotted seat by paying the college fees or appearing for the next counselling round. 

Admission in private medical colleges may also take place through the merit lists. 

Students must have passed their 12th from PCB stream, and they must meet the eligibility criteria set up by different universities to secure a seat in their desired college. 

Why are Government Medical Colleges better?
  • Government Medical Colleges charge low fees.
  • Admissions are only possible after cracking the Neet exam, which makes them more worthy.
  • The quality of government Medical Colleges is far better than that of private medical colleges.
  • The professors in government medical colleges are knowledgeable and more experienced than the private medical college teachers.

Types of MBBS:

MBBS is basically divided into three types: 

1. Pre-Clinical Phase of MBBS: 

     Semesters: 1 and 2

     Subjects Covered: 

  • Anatomy 
  • Biochemistry 
  • Physiology
2. Para-clinical Phase of MBBS: 

Semesters: 3 to 5

Subjects covered: 

  • Community Medicine
  • Forensic Medicine
  • Pathology 
  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology 
  • Clinical Postings inwards
  • OPDs begins here
3. Clinical Phase of MBBS:

Semesters: 6 to 9

Subjects Covered: 

  • Community Medicine
  • Medicine And allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology) 
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology 
  • Pediatrics
How many exams are there for MBBS? 
  1. There is only one Medical entrance exam in India for admission to medical courses which is held once every year at national level, the National Eligibility cumulative Entrance Test (NEET). 

NEET Exam Details:
Factors in Exam PatternDetails 
Mode of NEET Question Paper Pen and Paper-based
Duration of the NEET exam3 hours and 20 minutes 
Language/MediumEnglish, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Oriya, Malayalam, kannada, Punjabi, and Urdu
Question typeMultiple Choice Questions 
Total Number of Questions 200 Questions out of which attempting 180 questions is mandatory.
Neet Marking Scheme 
  • 4 marks for every correct answer
  • One mark will be deducted for each wrong attempt
  • No marks for unanswered questions.
Top MBBS Colleges Cutoffs in India.
College General Category Cutoff
AIIMS, New Delhi 53
Institute of Medical Sciences 63 – 481
Kasturba Medical College, Manipal3383 – 30521
JIPMER Puducherry156
Grant Medical College,  Mumbai 170 – 568
King George’s Medical University, Lucknow 88 – 496

MBBS Semester-wise Syllabus:

Semester 1:

  • Fundamentals of Diseases and treatment
  • Introduction to medical practice I
  • Cell Biology
  • Locomotor system
  • Introduction to Embryology and Histology

Semester 2:

  • Health and the Environment
  • Basic Haematology
  • Healthcare Concepts
  • Neuroscience 1 (Peripheral System)
  • Respiratory system

Semester 3:

  • General Pathology
  • Neoplasia
  • Hereditary Disorder
  • Environmental pathology
  • Nutrition disorders
  • Immunity

Semester 4:

  • Systemic pathology
  • Haematology
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Alimentary system
  • Common symptoms and signs

Semester 5:

  • Special pathology
  • Clinical pathology
  • General pathology
  • Growth disturbance and neoplasia
  • Immunopathology
  • Infectious Diseases

Semester 6:

  • Epidemiology of communicable diseases
  • Epidemiology of non-communicable diseases
  • Reproductive and child health

Semester 7:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Nutrition disease
  • Geriatric disease
  • Diseases of the immune system, connective tissue and joints
  • Haematology and oncology

Semester 8:

  • Endocrine disease
  • Metabolic and bone diseases
  • Nervous system
  • Emergency medicine and critical care
  • Brain death, organ donation, organ preservation

Semester 9:

  • Nervous system
  • Environmental disorders, poisoning and snake bites
  • Kidney disease
  • Emergency medicine and critical care
Medical Colleges and fee structure in India: 
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore – INR 1.12 lakh
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi – INR 5000
  • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) – INR 12000
  • National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences – INR 1 lakh 
  • Banaras Hindu University – INR 10000
  • Maulana Azad Medical College – INR 6000
  • Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences – INR 75000
Best Private Medical Colleges in India with fee structure:
  • Kasturba Medical College – INR 62.6 lakh
  • Shri Ramchandra Medical College and Research Institute – INR 22 lakh
  • Humdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research – INR 54.8 lakh
  • MS Ramiah Medical College – INR 5 lakh
  • Dayanand Medical College and hospital – 4.5 lakh
  • Dr DY Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre – INR 1.14 crores
  • SRM Medical College Hospital and Research – INR 22.6 lakh
  • Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute – INR 96.6 lakh

MBBS college by States:

1. MBBS Colleges in Uttar Pradesh:
  1. Banaras Hindi University
  2. Integral Institute of Medical Sciences and research
  3. King George’s Medical University
  4. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences
  5. Chhatrapati shahuji Maharaj University
  6. Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences
  7. Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College 
  8. Aligarh Muslim University
2. MBBS Colleges in New Delhi:
  1. AIIMS Delhi
  2. Humdard Institute of Medical Sciences and research
  3. Maulana Azad Medical College
  4. Vardhman mahaveer Medical College and safdarganj hospital
  5. University College of Medical Sciences
  6. Lady Hardinge Medical College for women
  7. Army College of Medical Sciences
  8. Dr Ram Manohar Lohiya Hospital and Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences and Research
3. MBBS Colleges in Mumbai:
  1. Grant Medical College
  2. Seth GS Medical College
  3. Lokmanya Tilak municipal Medical College
  4. Topiwala National Medical College Nair Charitable Hospital
  5. KJ Somaiya Medical College and Research Centre
  6. HBD Medical College and Dr RN Cooper Municipal Medical College and General Hospital
  7. Rajiv Gandhi Medical College and Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Hospital
  8. Armed forces Medical College
4. MBBS Colleges in Banglore:
  1. MS Ramiah Medical College
  2. Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre
  3. Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute
  4. Dr BR Ambedkar Medical College
  5. Rajeshwari Medical College and Hospital
  6. Sapthagiri Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre
5. MBBS Colleges in Kerala: 
  1. Amrita School of medicine
  2. Jubilee Mission Medical College and Research Institute
  3. Government Medical College
  4. Kerala University of Health Sciences
  5. Dr Somerville Memorial CSI Medical College and Hospital
  6. Amala Institute of Medical Sciences
  7. Pushpagiri Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre
  8. Travancore Medical College
6. MBBS Colleges in Rajasthan:
  1. Sawai Man Singh Medical College
  2. AIIMS Jodhpur
  3. Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital
  4. Pacific Medical College and Hospital
  5. Gitanjali Medical College and Hospital
  6. RUHS College of Medical Sciences
  7. Schedule of Medical Sciences and research
  8. Dr Sampurnanand Medical College
7. MBBS Colleges in Patna:
  1. Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences
  2. Patna Medical College
  3. Aryabhatta Knowledge University
  4. Nalanda Medical College and Hospital
  5. GMC Bettiah
  6. Vardhaman Institute of Medical Sciences 
  7. Anugrah Narayan Magadh Medical College and Hospital
8. MBBS Colleges in Gujarat:
  1. BJ Medical College 
  2. Government Medical College Surat
  3. GCS Medical College Hospital and Research Centre
  4. Pramukh Swami Medical College
  5. MP Shah Government Medical College
  6. Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Sciences
  7. Gujarat Medical Education and Research Society Medical College
  8. Municipal Institute of Medical Education and Research
9. MBBS Colleges in Andhra Pradesh:
  1. Andhra Medical College
  2. Dr NTR University of Health Sciences
  3. GITAM Institute of Medical Sciences and Research
  4. NRI Institute of Medical Sciences
  5. Narayan Medical College and Hospital
  6. PES Institute of Medical science and Research
  7. Alluri Sitaramaraju Academy of Medical Sciences
  8. Kurnool Medical College

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Academic requirements for Overseas MBBS studies:

  • Candidates must complete their 12th from the PCB stream and acquire at least 50% marks in 10+2 exams.
  • They must qualify for the NEET exam, and the scores will be valid for three years. 
  • Students must have an eligibility certificate from the Medical Council of India during Admissions to foreign medical colleges.
  • Based on the English requirements of the university, students must also appear for English proficiency tests like IELTS, TOEFL, PTE, or OET.
  • Students must be medically fit and healthy.

Medical Colleges Overseas with fee structure:

  • Pirogov Medical University – INR 4.63 lakh per annum
  • Brokenshire College School of Medicine – INR 2.8 lakh
  • Our Lady of Fatima University – INR 5 lakh
  • Central Philippine University – INR 1.64 lakh
  • University of Toronto – INR 2 crore 
  • David Tvildiani Medical University – INR 5.94 lakh
  • New Vision University – INR 4.9 lakh.

Career opportunities after MBBS:

Medical Officers: Medical Officers are senior physicians who manage all aspects of patient care within their departments. 

 They also oversee daily operations, serve as clinical advisors, and supervise clinical trials. 

Medical Surgeon: The surgeon is responsible for the patient’s preoperative diagnosis, performing the operation, and providing the patient with postoperative surgical care and treatment. The surgeon is also looked upon as the leader of the surgical team. 

General Physician: General Physician is responsible for treating most common ailments such as tonsils, fever, cough, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, pneumonia, and lung fibrosis. 

Physicians: Physicians are doctors who have earned medical degrees. They work to maintain, promote, and restore health by studying, diagnosing, and treating injuries and diseases. 

Paediatrician: A paediatrician is a medical doctor who manages children’s physical, behavioural, and mental care from birth until age 18. They do physical exams, recommend immunisations, and ensure that your child meets developmental milestones in growth, behaviour, and skills. 

Dietician: Dieticians work with patients struggling to lose weight or need to improve their diet for other health-related reasons, such as managing diabetes. They design meal plans according to the patient’s needs and challenges. 

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Difference between MBBS and MD:

Full formBachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery Doctor of Medicine 
Course Duration 5.5 Years3 Years
  • Candidates need to complete their 10+2 with physics, chemistry, and biology.
  • They must also clarify the NEET exam.
Candidates must complete their MBBS course, one year of training, and qualify the NEET PG exam.
Course FocusGeneral Study of medicine Specialisation in medicine and surgery 
MBBS Specialisations:
  • Ophthalmology
  • General Medicine
  • Orthopaedics
  • Anesthesiology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Psychiatry
  • Paediatrics
  • Dermatology
  • ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat)

The scope of MBBS doctors is broad. We all know them during this covered ramp, and only doctors were the ones who were required over any other profession, and they were the only ones who did not lose their jobs during this crucial time. More were, the salaries of medical physicians are pretty lucrative. Students can become a specialist in the choice aligned with their interest, suggesting nephrologists, neurologists, cardiologists, and neuroscientists. They can find jobs easily not only in India but also in overseas countries with high packages. 

MBBS Job Prospects and Salaries offered:
  • Medical Surgeon – INR 10 lakh
  • Dietician – INR 5 lakh
  • Physician – INR 6 lakh
  • Pediatrician – INR 5.4 lakh
  • Medical Officer – INR 7 lakh
  • Medical Coder – INR 4 lakh 
MBBS Government Jobs:
  • Candidates are employed in Indian Railways on a permanent or contract basis. The average salary is 9.5 lakh.
  • The medical graduates are also called to serve in the Indian army. The average salary offered is INR 9.7 lakh to INR 13.2 lakh. 

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